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LAJU INFILTRASI TANAH BERPASIR – APLIKASI PUPUK KANDANG

November 30th, 2013 No comments

LAJU INFILTRASI TANAH BERPASIR – APLIKASI PUPUK KANDANG

 

Laju infiltrasi dan porositas tanah lempung berpasir YANG  “DIPERBAIKI” secara terpisah dengan pupuk kandang kambing ( GYM ) dan limbah unggas dengan dosis 30 , 50 dan 70 ton / hektar diteliti dan hasilnya dianalisis secara statistik menggunakan SPSS versi 17.

Laju Infiltrasi pada perlakuan pupuk kandnag kambing dan limbah unggas menunjukkan perbedaan yang signifikan ( p < 0,01 ) , variasi infiltrasi pada perlakuan GYM lebih unggul dibandingkan dengan penggunaan limbah unggas . Laju Infiltrasi pada perlakuan limbah unggas dan perlakuan tanah kontrol menunjukkan korelasi yang sempurna ( r = 0,99 , p < 0 .01 ) .

Aplikasi pupuk kandang kambing 70 t/ha menunjukkan tidak ada efek jangka pendek yang superior terhadap laju infiltrasi dibandingkan dnegan dosis aplikasi yang lebih rendha.

Laju infiltrasi konstan pada tanah yang diperlakukan dnegan 30T/ha GYM menurun menjadi 1.60cm/min dan 1.69cm/min untuk tanah kontrol, dan perlakuan ini dianjurkan untuk konservasi air irigasi yang optimal pada atanah-tanah lempung berpasir .

Perubahan porositas tanah pada perlakuan GYM lebih kecil dibandingkan dnegan perlakuan limbah unggas .

 

Sumber:

Essien, O.E. 2011. Effect Of Varying Rates Of Organic Amendments On Porosity And Infiltration Rate Of Sandy Loam Soil.The Journal of Agriculture and Environment Vol:12, Jun.2011, Page 51-58

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PB PENGELOLAAN AGROEKOSISTEM PADA TANAH-TANAH BERPASIR

November 18th, 2013 No comments


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PENGELOLAAN AGROEKOSISTEM PADA TANAH-TANAH BERPASIR

TANAH-tanah berpasir lazimnya ditemukan di lingkungan tropis terutama kalau ada vulkanik felsic , atau batuan sedimen silika dan produk erosi . Sedangkan beberapa tanah ini hanya berpasir di lapisan permukaan , tanah yang lain ternyata berpasir pada seluruh zone akar tanaman. Dalam hal agro – ekosistem dikembangkan pada tanah berpasir , ada banyak faktor pembatas utama bagi keberlanjutannya , bervariasi sesuai dengan posisi mereka dalam lanskap ( steeplands , dataran tinggi dan dataran rendah ) dan zonasi agro – ekologi .

Tanah-tanah berpasir berada pada  daerah kering, semi-kering dan lembab di daerah tropis dan dari dataran rendah pesisir hingga dataran tinggi . Tanah berpasir miring cenderung digunakan untuk cadangan konservasi, kehutanan ( termasuk perkebunan ) dan untuk perladangan berpindah , dan juga dapat berfungsi sebagai daerah tangkapan air hujan.  Datah berpasir di dataran tinggi dan dataran rendah digunakan untuk berbagai sistem tanam termasuk sistem berbasis padi . Tanaman perkebunan dan kehutanan juga lazim ditemukan. Dataran rendah yang secara terus menerus atau musiman tergenang air dapat dikembangkan untuk budidaya padi sawah tadah hujan.

Tanah berpasir tropis memiliki berbagai faktor untuk pertanian membatasi , ini termasuk kekurangan gizi , keasaman , stres air dan atribut fisik yang buruk . Lingkungan di mana mereka terjadi rentan terhadap risiko degradasi dari penurunan nutrisi , erosi , pencucian , salinitas , dan pengasaman . Pengembangan berkelanjutan agro – ekosistem dalam lahan berpasir harus didasarkan pada optimalisasi proses ekosistem kunci : siklus hara tertutup, memulihkan keseimbangan hidrologi; meningkatkan keanekaragaman hayati dan memperkuat ketahanan proses tersebut terhadap gangguan .

Berbagai peluang yang ada untuk mencapai keberlanjutan lanskap berpasir melalui perkebunan kehutanan, agroforestri , tanah liat dan perubahan tanah mineral lainnya , pemeliharaan bahan tanah organik tanah, pemupukan berimbang , irigasi strategis, dan spesies yang mampu beradaptasi dengan kendala ini. Pengelolaan agro – ekosistem yang terkait dengan tanah berpasir  ada hubungannya dengan produktivitas pertanian dan keberlanjutannya , dan penyediaan jasa-jasa ekosistem .

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