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KUALITAS LINGKUNGAN di DALAM RUANGAN (INDOOR)

November 22nd, 2013 No comments

KUALITAS LINGKUNGAN  di  DALAM RUANGAN (INDOOR)

Kualitas lingkungan dalam ruangan ( KLR ) mengacu pada kualitas lingkungan bangunan dalam kaitannya dengan kesehatan dan kesejahteraan manusia yang menempati ruang di dalamnya .

KLR ditentukan oleh banyak faktor , termasuk pencahayaan , kualitas udara , dan kondisi basah .

Para pekerja sering khawatir bahwa mereka mengalami gejala atau kondisi kesehatan dari paparan kontaminan di dalam gedung-gedung di mana mereka bekerja .

Salah satu alasan untuk masalah ini adalah bahwa gejala-gejala yang  mereka akami seringkali hilang ketika mereka tidak berada dalam gedung.

Penelitian telah menunjukkan bahwa beberapa gejala pernapasan dan penyakit dapat dikaitkan dengan kondisi bangunan yang basah , namun masih belum jelas apakah pengukuran kontaminan dalam ruangan berkorelasi dengan risiko gangguan penyakit yang dialami para pekerja.

Dalam kebanyakan kasus,  pekerja dan dokternya menduga  bahwa lingkungan dalam bangunan menyebabkan gangguan kesehatan , namun informasi yang tersedia dari uji medis dan uji kualitas lingkungan masih tidak cukup untuk menetapkan kontaminan mana yang bertanggung jawab .

Beberapa  penelitian menunjukkan bahwa gejala gangguan kesehatan yang berhubungan dnegan  bangunan ternyata berhubungan dengan karakteristik bangunan , termasuk kelembaban , kebersihan , dan karakteristik ventilasi .

Lingkungan dalam ruangan sangat kompleks dan penghuni bangunan dapat terpapar berbagai kontaminan ( dalam bentuk gas dan partikel ) dari mesin kantor , produk pembersih , kegiatan konstruksi , karpet dan perabot , parfum , asap rokok , bahan bangunan yang rusak , pertumbuhan mikroba ( jamur , jamur, dan bakteri ) , serangga , dan polutan luar ruangan . Faktor-faktor lain seperti suhu ruangan , kelembaban relatif , dan tingkat ventilasi juga dapat mempengaruhi bagaimana individu merespon lingkungan indoor .

 

(sumber: http://www.cdc.gov/niosh/topics/indoorenv/)

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