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PRBL LANDUSE PLANNING: KONFLIK LAHAN

December 8th, 2013 No comments

LANDUSE PLANNING:   KONFLIK LAHAN

 

Konflik lahan merupakan fenomena alam dan mengacu pada kepentingan yang sah tetapi berlawanan,  kegiatan  dan dampak lingkungan akibat dari berbagai tujuan dan sasaran yang berbeda-beda dari banyak kelompok dan individu yang terlibat, atau dipengaruhi oleh penggunaan dan pemanfaatan lahan.

Dalam situasi yang ekstrim, konfliklahan dapat dapat mengakibatkan konflik fisik atau perang, tetapi dalam banyak kasus konflik lahan dapat dikendalikan oleh norma-norma yang diterima secara sosial , menurut adat atau hukum, dan diselesaikan melalui kompromi dan pertukaran nilai-nilai ekonomi dalam kerangka negosiasi. Konflik adalah wajar dan akan selalu ada. Konflikmlahan tidak mungkin dihilangkan sama sekali sehingga mekanisme penyelesaian konflik lahan merupakan unsur penting dalam pengelolaan sumberdaya lahan.

Asal – usul Konflik Lahan:

  1.      Dampak pemberdayaan terhadap yurisdiksi tradisi dan kepemimpinan adat (konflik tokoh)
  2.      Pengaruh kepemimpinan terhadap penggunaan lahan
  3.      Persaingan untuk mendapatkan sumberdaya dan penggunaan lahan
  4.      Kepemilikan lahan (sistem hukum paralel)
  5.      Konflik antara kebijakan yang berbeda
  6.      LSM dengan pemerintah

  7. Buy cheap Viagra online

  8.      Permintaan vs. lingkungan
  9.      Konflik kepentingan dan kebaikan bersama
  10.      Kepemtingan komunal dibandingkan kepentingan komersial
  11.      Budaya  vs. kepentingan ekonomi
  12.      Keadilan sosial vs. perekonomian nasional
  13.      Konflik dalam restorasi lahan
  14.      Konflik antara kelompok-kelompok yang ada dalam masyarakat
  15.      Pelebaran kesenjangan kemiskinan
  16.      Kepentingan budaya vs. kepentingan ekonomi.

(sumber: Proceedings of Workshop on Integrated Planning and Management of Land Resources. Mbabane-Rome. Swaziland, 1998).

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