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PB PERTANIAN BERKELANJUTAN — AGROEKOSISTEM

December 18th, 2013 No comments

PERTANIAN BERKELANJUTAN  –   AGROEKOSISTEM

 

Pertanian berkelanjutan:

Pendekatan whole-sistem untuk pangan, pakan, dan produksi serat lainnya yang menyeimbangkan kesehatan lingkungan, keadilan sosial, dan kelayakan ekonomi antara semua sektor masyarakat, termasuk masyarakat internasional dan antar generasi .

Definisi ini mengandung makna bahwa keberlanjutan harus diperluas tidak hanya secara global, tetapi tanpa batas waktu, dan untuk semua organisme hidup, termasuk manusia.

Agroekosistem Berkelanjutan:

  1.  Mempertahankan basis sumber daya alam
  2.  Meminimumkan penggunaan input buatan dari luar sistem pertanian
  3.  Mengelola hama dan penyakit melalui mekanisme regulasi internal
  4.  Memulihkan kembali  dari gangguan-gangguan yang disebabkan oleh budidaya dan panen tanaman.

 

Konsumen memainkan peran penting dalam menciptakan sistem pangan berkelanjutan. Melalui pembelian bahan konsumsinya , mereka mengirim pesan yang kuat kepada produsen, pengecer dan lain-lain dalam sistem pertanian tentang apa yang mereka anggap penting. Anggaran makanan dan kualitas gizi selalu mempengaruhi pilihan konsumen. Tantangannya adalah untuk menemukan strategi yang dapat memperluas perspektif konsumen, sehingga kualitas lingkungan, penggunaan sumber daya, dan isu-isu keadilan sosial juga dipertimbangkan dalam keputusan berbelanja barang-barang konsumsi. Pada saat yang sama, kebijakan dan lembaga baru harus diciptakan untuk memungkinkan produsen menggunakan praktek-praktek berkelanjutan dalam memasarkan barang-barang mereka ke pasar yang lebih luas.

 

Selengkpanya lihat:

Stephen R. Gliessman. 1998. An Ecological Definition of Sustainable Agriculture, Principles of Agroecology and Sustainability

Buy cheap Viagra online

(1998). http://agroecology.org/Principles_Def.html

University of California Sustainable Agriculture Research and Education Program (SAREP), What is Sustainable Agriculture? (SAREP, 1998). http://www.sarep.ucdavis.edu/concept.htm

 

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