Home > Uncategorized > PANEN AIR HUJAN – LUBANG TANAM POHON YANG DIRANCANG UNTUK GAGAL

PANEN AIR HUJAN – LUBANG TANAM POHON YANG DIRANCANG UNTUK GAGAL

PANEN AIR HUJAN   -  LUBANG TANAM POHON  YANG DIRANCANG UNTUK GAGAL

Lubang tanam pohon di tepian jalan-raya biasanya “merusak” sistem perkerasan berlapis . Dalam profil trotoar , biasanya kita temukan material “tanah urug” sebagai landasan trotoar.  Material tanah urug ini biasanya dipadatkan sedemikian rupa sehingga menjadi “kedap” bagi pertumbuhan akar pohon,  kedap infiltrasi air , dan secara signifikan mengurangi drainase bawah permukaan.   Di atas permukaan tanah biasanya juga ada material dasar . Untuk mempertahankan permukaan perkerasan yang stabil , material dasar ini dipadatkan dan memiliki kekuatan penyangga beban yang berat . Hal inilah yang menyebabkan mengapa kerikil atau pasir yang mengandung sedikit material halus (tanah liat) biasanya digunakan dan dipadatkan sampai 95 % kepadatan ( AASHTO T – 99 ) .

Lapisan dasar merupakan bahan kasar granular , sehingga tidak mengandung cukup bvanyak air tersedia bagi akar tanaman dan kemampuan menahan hara-tanaman juga sangat terbatas.   Pengumpulan air limpasan tepat di bawah trotoar dapat menyebabkan kegagalan trotoar . Selanjutnya , trotoar yang mengelilingi lubang pohon dirancang sebagai “kedap air”  sehingga mengusir atau memindahkan air jauh dari lubang pohon.

Generalisasi seperti dijelaskan di atas belum mampu menjelaskan semua tantangan yang dihadapi Pohon yang ditanam di sepanjang trotoar, masih ada misteri mengapa pohon sering mengalami gagal tumbuh atau bahkan mati . Penggalian tanah yang luas tentu biayanya mahal ,  tanah yang dipadatkan seringkali  ditemukan di bawahnya permukaan perkerasan .
Zona yang padat ini biasanya kedap air dan seringkali juga kedap terhadap pertumbuhan akar pohon , maka tidak mengejutkan kalau akar pohon hanya tumbuh dalam lapisan tipis di bawah trotoar, tidak mampu menembus lapisan tanah yang lebih dalam.  Pohon sering mengalami zone akar yang jenuh air selama musim hujan.  Lubang tanam pohon yang dilengkapi dengan  liang drainage dapat mengatasi masalah ejnuh-air ini , tetapi liang drainage ini tidak mampu mengatasi barier fisik bagi pertumbuhan akar pohon.

Traditional tree pits designed for failure:

  • All of the surrounding profile is designed for the pavement
  • Base: little water and no nutrients

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  • Sub-grade:essentially impermeable
  • Drainage is designed for pavement and not the tree

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