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TAMAN HUJAN UNTUK MEMPERBAIKI KUALITAS LIMPASAN AIR HUJAN

TAMAN HUJAN  UNTUK MEMPERBAIKI KUALITAS LIMPASAN AIR HUJAN

 

Taman hujan menjadi fitur yang semakin populer DALAM Pembangunan ramah lingkungan .

Taman-hujan ini mempromosikan manajemen desentralisasi limpasan air hujan dengan memperlakukan air limpasan di tempatnya .

Taman hujan efektif karena mereka menampung, menyimpan dan meresapkan air hujan ke tanah, sehingga memungkinkan terjadinya proses biogeokimia , sehingga menghilangkan polutan dari air limpasan .

Penelitian ini memfokuskan pada hasil dari studi pemantauan kualitas air dan suplemen hasil dengan inspeksi visual dari setiap situs taman-hujan.

Manfaat taman-hujan dalam memperbaiki kualitas air tergantung pada berbagai faktor termasuk ukuran taman hujan , spesifikasi desain , lokasi , vegetasi , dan daerah alirannya.

The US Geological Survey memantau kualitas air di tiga taman hujan yang terletak di Twin Cities Metropolitan Area , Minnesota .

Tujuannya adalah untuk membandingkan karakteristik kualitas air dari taman hujan dengan desain yang berbeda dan menganalisis kontribusi luas penggunaan lahan . Sampel air inflow , overflow, zona Vadose , dan air tanah dianalisis kandungan haranya yang biasanya ditemukan di limpasan air hujan kawasan perkotaan .

Umumnya , konsentrasi yang lebih rendah dari nitrogen , fosfor , dan total padatan tersuspensi , ditemukan di zona Vadose dan air tanah, dibandingkan dengan konsentrasinya dalam inflow ; hal ini menunjukkan kinerja yang baik dalam hal memperbaiki kualitas air . Satu situs tidak menunjukkan perbedaan konsentrasi fosfor terlarut , diyakini hal ini karena rendahnya konsentrasi P dalam air limpasan yang memasuki taman-hujan . Konsentrasi klorida yang lebih tinggi ditemukan di tanah dan air tanah dibandingkan dengan konsnetrasinya dalam inflow di dua lokasi .

Bukti yang baik dari penghapusan hara di taman-hujan sehingga menghasilkan air yang relatif bersih untuk mengisi pasokan air-tanah (groundwater) setempat .

Inspeksi visual dari tiga taman hujan memberikan bukti tambahan bahwa tiga situs tersebut berfungsi dengan baik . Tampaknya tidak ada kegagalan struktural yang serius. Vegetasi di setiap lokasi juga tampak sehat , namun  kehadiran spesies vegetasi lahan basah dan rumput beracun perlu mendapatkan perhatian serius dalam pemeliharaannya .

 

Selengkapnya lihat:

Water quality characteristics of three rain gardens located within the Twin Cities Metropolitan Area, MN.  Elliott, Sarah Marie. May 2010

http://conservancy.umn.edu/handle/93088

 

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