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MITIGASI PULAU-PANAS-KOTA DENGAN VEGETASI

MITIGASI PULAU-PANAS-KOTA DENGAN VEGETASI

 

Kuantifikasi  lapisan-kanopi Pulau Panas Kota (UHI) telah secara substansial mendapatkan perhatian banyak penelitian. Peningkastan suhu udara perkotaan mempengaruhi kenyamanan manusia, kesehatan dan produktivitas kerja.

 

Selain itu, urbanisasi diproyeksikan akan semakin meningkat di masa mendatang. Dalam konteks perencanaan perkotaan dan perubahan iklim, introduksi vegetasi hijau dan daerah perairan terbuka telah dihipotesiskan sebagai sarana efektif untuk memperbaiki kenyamanan lingkungan kota bagi manusia.

 

Banyak penelitian telah mempelajari peran vegetasi dan permukaan yang tertutup air dalam mengurangi efek pulau panas perkotaan dengan menggunakan strategi penelitian yang berbeda-beda. Hasil-hasil penelitian ini biasnaya menunjukkan berkurangnya UHI leh adanya vegetasi hijau yang tinggi. Hal yang dianggap aneh adalah bahwa penutup permukaan air yang luas (besar) meningkatkan efek pulau panas perkotaan (Theeuwes

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et al., 2012).

 

(sumber: Theeuwes, N.E., G.J. Steeneveld, R.J. Ronda, B.G. Heusinkveld dan A.A.M. Holtslag. 2012.  Mitigation of the urban heat island effect using vegetation and water bodies. 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